GAO: NIH Chimpanzee Management Program: Consolidation Should Achieve Cost Savings, but a Clear Implementation Plan Is Needed

April 2016

As of January 15, 2016, NIH owned or supported 561 chimpanzees in four facilities, including Chimp Haven, which was established as a federal chimpanzee retirement sanctuary in accordance with the Chimpanzee Health Improvement, Maintenance, and Protection Act. In late 2015, NIH announced that all NIH- owned chimpanzees were eligible for retirement to Chimp Haven. Most of the 561 chimpanzees that NIH owned or supported as of January 15, 2016, had not been retired to Chimp Haven, which housed 179 NIH-owned chimpanzees at that time. 

The average per-chimpanzee per-day costs that NIH incurred for care provided to chimpanzees during the time period covering federal fiscal years 2013 through 2015 ranged from a low of $41 to a high of $61. Report